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Humanitarian Intervention

A Standing Army for the United Nations?

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A Standing Army for the United Nations? This report reviews the problems of contemporary peace operations, recent reform proposals, and the requirements for successful operations. It includes a detailed proposal for enhancing and reorganizing the capacities of the UN to support and direct peace operations and for establishing a UN legion of three brigades. "Vital Force: A Proposal for the Overhaul of the UN Peace Operations System and for the Creation of a UN Legion", by Carl Conetta and Charles Knight, is published by the Project on Defense Alternatives.

 

By Project on Defense Alternatives, US.

Humanitarian Intervention Policy Resource.


Evaluating the Afghan War

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Evaluating the Afghan War. "Strange Victory: A critical appraisal of Operation Enduring Freedom and the Afghanistan war" One of the first in-depth retrospectives on the war in Afghanistan to analyze military activity and outcomes in the context of political objectives and consequences for national and regional stability. Includes appendices addressing: the war's impact on the humanitarian crisis; the missing political framework for American action; the source of power and the strategy of the Taliban; the limits of the Bonn agreement and the challenges facing the interim government. By Carl Conetta.

 

By Project on Defense Alternatives, US.

Humanitarian Intervention Policy Resource.


Ousting Foreign Strongmen

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Ousting Foreign Strongmen. Are there lessons the West can learn from Milosevic's downfall? The US and others funnelled aid to the Serbian opposition and civic groups in a well designed foreign policy program. However, Thomas Carothers of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace warns that the policy may not be easily transferable. Other possible targets, such as Zimbabwe, Belarus and Iraq, lack the vibrant civic society and the previous experience of the rule of law which existed in Serbia.

 

By Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, US.

Humanitarian Intervention Policy Resource.


Internal Refugees

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Internal Refugees. There are some 25 million persons worldwide forcibly displaced from their homes by civil wars, internal strife, or gross violations of human rights - but who remain within their own countries. Were they to cross a border, many would have claim to protection and assistance by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. But the internally displaced have no such rights and the international community is under no legal obligation to help them. While the UNHCR has been involved in programs for internally displaced people as well as for refugees, the agency can only act to help these people at the request of the U.N. Secretary General and with the consent of the government of the country involved. Exodus Within Borders: An Introduction to the Crisis of Internal Displacement, by David Korn, is published by the Brookings Institution.

 

By Brookings Institution, US.

Humanitarian Intervention Policy Resource.