Measuring Protectionism. Comparing tariffs is insufficient in measuring protectionism as there are many other methods of reducing home market access (ad valorem and specific duties, prohibitions, tariff quotas, anti-dumping duties, norms). Market Access Maps are one way of measuring the cumulative effect of these barriers. By Antoine Bouët, Lionel Fontagné, Mondher Mimouni, and Xavier Pichot of by CEPII.
By CEPII, France.