Globalization and Tax Competition. Does globalization undermine the fiscal basis of the welfare state? The conventional wisdom believes so: open borders cause tax competition, which in turn leads to a race to the bottom in capital taxation. However, the data show that revenues from capital taxation are fairly stable in OECD countries. Some observers conclude from this that globalization does not pose much of a challenge to the welfare state. Philipp Genschel argues this conclusion is unwarranted because it overlooks that tax competition was not the only challenge facing welfare states during the 1980s and 1990s. There was also slow growth, rampant unemployment, and high levels of precommitted spending. "Globalization, Tax Competition, and the Fiscal Viability of the Welfare State" is published by the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.
By Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies , Germany.
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Eco-Labelling and the World Trade Organization. Potentially incompatible with WTO rules ecological labels are nonetheless a very useful, market-based policy instrument. This paper argues that there is no need to amend WTO rules to encompass eco-labels - arguing instead for more international co-ordination of standards used in eco-labelling programmes. By Susanne Dröge of the Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung.
By Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Germany.