Six Dimensions of the Growing Transatlantic Divide: Are the US and Europe Definitively Driving Themselves Apart?. Recently there has been much debate about a growing divide between the United States and its European allies after September 11. The question I want to answer here is if there exists, indeed, such a divide, and, if so, what will be the consequences for the transatlantic partnership. The second question I will try to answer is if this gap has a temporal or a structural character. If it is temporal, this means that the divide is the result of specific historical circumstances which may change over time. Since 1945 the transatlantic relationship has known many ebbs (Suez, Vietnam, NATO?s "double track" decision) and flows (Berlin crisis, Vietnam, Kosovo) and there seems, at first sight, no reason that this will be different now. Would, on the contrary, the growing transatlantic divide have a structural character, then this would mean that the estrangement between the US and Europe is not a temporary event, but that it is the expression of deeper underlying forces that irresistibly tear America and Europe apart. To analyse what is the case I have divided the transatlantic drift into six different components, which are: * a transatlantic perception gap * a transatlantic capabilities gap * a transatlantic attitude gap * a transatlantic value gap * a transatlantic religion gap * a transatlantic strategy gap By Marcel H. van Herpen.
By Cicero Foundation , Netherlands, EU, US.
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Defence and Security
How Do the New EU and NATO Members Prepare for the Common European Security and Defence Policy? A Czech View . "We believe that those who - especially in security and defence issues - regard the choice of US vs. Europe, of Anglo-Saxon vs. continental Europe, or of NATO vs. ESDP as a zero-sum game are fundamentally wrong. Aspects of complementarity between the two sides of the Atlantic vastly outnumber and override aspects of competition or rivalry. We are a part of Europe, and we are a part of the trans-Atlantic community. What that means in ESDP practice, is this: We are all for the further development of European military capacities." By Karel Kovanda.
By Cicero Foundation , US.
Are reinforcing the ESDP and improving transatlantic relations compatible objectives?. "There are, of course, two aspects to this question: the political and the military. Reinforcing the ESDP would be fine politically if trust was in ample supply. The fact is that trust has for the moment evaporated not least between the two countries that are the likely drivers, the UK and France. The danger for ESDP, therefore, is that the French, German, Belgian and Luxemburger aspirations for it are being interpreted in certain countries as a long-term stalking horse to replace NATO. In spite all of the assurances to the contrary that emerged from the mini-summit in Brussels in May, which I for one did not dismiss, it is clear that France and Belgium in particular are emphasising an alternative to NATO, not an addition to it (and yes I did read the communiqué)." By Julian Lindley-French.
By Cicero Foundation, US.
Building a European Security and Defence Policy: What are the Priorities? With its recent actions (e.g. in Bunia in the Democratic Republic of Congo) it is hardly questionable that EU is now in the peacekeeping business - but what questions remain to be answered? Lecture by Antonio Missiroli.
By Cicero Foundation , Netherlands, EU.