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Education

The Returns to Education

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The Returns to Education. This paper reviews the literature that has tried to estimate the impact of human capital on national economic growth, or, in other words, the returns to education that accrue at the macro-economic level. The potential economic externalities to education should, in principle, be captured at this level of aggregation. The larger are these social returns, the greater is the prima facie case for channelling public resources into education. "The returns to education: a review of the empirical macro-economic literature" by Barbara Sianesi and John Van Reenen.

 

By Institute for Fiscal Studies, UK.

Education Policy Resource.


Public Investment in Public Services

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Public Investment in Public Services. The UK's Labour government has been at pains to stress the importance of public investment on the grounds that it provides the infrastructure that is a prerequisite for improvements in output and growth and is necessary both to supply and to enhance public services. This note looks at Britain's public investment over the last 25 years and identifies trends in the various spending areas. "Twenty-Five Years of Falling Investment? Trends in Capital Spending on Public Services" by Tom Clark, Mike Elsby and Sarah Love.

 

By Institute for Fiscal Studies, UK.

Education Policy Resource.


Competition Between Schools

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Competition Between Schools. Based on a study of 3000 UK state schools Steve Bradley and Jim Taylor say the results of the competition between schools that has followed the introduction of league tables and other reforms in 1988 has been that parents have sought quality based on league table results; exam performance has risen as schools feel the effects of this competition; larger schools perform better because they can be more flexible in how they use staff time; and the gap between rich and poor schools is widening, though not by much. "The report card on competition in schools" is published by the Adam Smith Institute.

 

By Adam Smith Institute, UK.

Education Policy Resource.


Girls and Exclusion from School

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Girls and Exclusion from School. The numbers of pupils excluded from school have been steadily increasing over recent years. Attention has focused on boys who form the vast majority of those formally excluded. This study, carried out by the New Policy Institute and the Centre for Citizenship Studies in Education, University of Leicester, examines girls' perceptions of school life and of the use of exclusion in its various forms, both official and unofficial. "Not a problem? Girls and school exclusion" by Audrey Osler, Cathy Street, Marie Lall and Kerry Vincent.

 

By Joseph Rowntree Foundation, UK.

Education Policy Resource.