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Employment

Mothers' employment and childcare use

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Mothers' employment and childcare use. This presentation reveals that mothers still face substantial hurdles in undertaking paid employment. For those who do manage to work, childcare arrangements are a diverse mixture of carers, cost and quality. Government initiatives to increase the availability of childcare places have a substantial shortfall to address while measures to increase the "affordability" of care, such as the Working Families Tax Credit, may have limited impact on the work choices of mothers.

 

By Institute for Fiscal Studies, UK.

Employment Policy Resource.


Active Labour Market Programmes

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Active Labour Market Programmes. Barbara Sianesi evaluates the differential performance of the six main types of Swedish programmes that were available to adult unemployed workers entitled to unemployment benefits in the 1990s: labour market training, workplace introduction, work experience placement, relief work, trainee replacement and employment subsidies. It is found that only job subsidies had any long term impact on participant's likelihood of being employed. However, several macroeconomic studies have however documented large and negative displacement and dead-weight effects for exactly these types of programme, which highlights the difficult trade-off faced by labour market policy. "Swedish Labour Market Programmes in the 1990s: Overall Effectiveness and Differential Performance" is published by the UK-based Institute for Fiscal Studies.

 

By Institute for Fiscal Studies, UK.

Employment Policy Resource.