Childcare and Female Employment . Far more women than men either are not employed or work part time - partly due to their family care responsibilities. What effect does an decrease in the price of childcare have on mother's employment? "Mothers' employment and the use of childcare in the UK" by Alan Duncan, Gillian Paull and Jayne Taylor.
By Institute for Fiscal Studies, UK.
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The Effects of Public Employment. Theory suggests that public employment may not only crowd out private employment, but also increase overall unemployment if, by offering attractive working conditions, it draws additional individuals into the labour force. Empirical evidence from a sample of OECD countries in the 1960-2000 period suggests that, on average, creation of 100 public jobs may have eliminated about 150 private sector jobs, slightly decreased labour market participation, and increased by about 33 the number of unemployed workers. Theoretical considerations and empirical evidence, however, suggest that the crowding out effect of public jobs on private jobs is only significant in countries where public production is highly substitutable to private activities and the public sector offers more attractive wages and/or other benefits than the private labour market. "Public employment and labour market performance" by Yann Algan, Pierre Cahuc, André Zylberberg.
By Economic Policy, UK.
Welfare to Work. The overall move in Europe and the US is to a more active work-based welfare policy. This paper by Martin Evans maps out the target populations and the policy tools used by the UK, US, France, Germany, and the Netherlands in their welfare-to-work programmes. The institutions involved, the conditions imposed on benefit receipt, job search assistance, training, employer subsidies, minimum wages, in-work benefits, and publicly provided work programmes are all meticulously described and compared for all five countries. "Welfare to work and the organisation of opportunity. Lessons from abroad" is published by the Centre for the Analysis of Social Exclusion. UK, US, France, Germany, Netherlands
By Centre for the Analysis of Social Exclusion, UK, US, France, Germany, Netherlands.
Welfare to Work for Lone Parents. Welfare to work programmes have sometimes concentrated upon those who need little or no training to find and stay in work. Training and support for lone parents evaluates SPAN Study Centre. SSC was set up as a pilot project to address the training and support needs of unemployed lone parents. By Karen John, Sarah Payne and Hilary Land. Published by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation. For an evaluation of the impact of the US welfare to work programme on lone mothers' employment see Welfare Reform & Lone Mothers' Employment by Jane Waldfogel, Sandra K. Danziger, Sheldon Danziger and Kristin Seefeldt of the UK based Centre for the Analysis of Social Exclusion.
By Joseph Rowntree Foundation, UK.