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Employment

Compulsory Job Search

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Compulsory Job Search. Compulsory Job Search 'Evaluating the Employment Impact of a Mandatory Job Search Assistance Program' estimates the impact of the British labour market program the New Deal for the Young Unemployed. The New Deal provides extensive job search assistance followed by other measures such as training and wage subsidies. By exploiting the fact that the New Deal was introduced at different times in different parts of the country, the researchers are able to isolate the impact of the program from other factors. They find that unemployed men are now 20% more likely to find a job than prior to the New Deal. By Richard Blundell, Monica Costa Dias, Costas Meghir and John Van Reenen.

 

By Institute for Fiscal Studies, UK.

Employment Policy Resource.


Automatic Uprating of the Minimum Wage

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Automatic Uprating of the Minimum Wage. Without uprating the minimum wage loses its value as a floor on wages. However, automatic uprating has been resisted, partly on the grounds that it will be inflationary. Sanjiv Sachdev argues for an automatic uprating mechanism - stating it will be better at maintaining standards of living for the low paid and that it will be easier for businesses to prepare for small regular increases. He points to the experience of the US where the level of the minimum wage is the subject of intense political bargaining. In contrast France's salarie minimum interprofessionnel de croissance has been very effective in maintaining the value of the minimum wage in relation to average earnings.

 

By Catalyst, UK.

Employment Policy Resource.


Age Discrimination Laws - Lessons for the UK

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Age Discrimination Laws - Lessons for the UK. Britain has committed itself to introducing age discrimination legislation. Zmira Hornstein reviews age discrimination laws in the US, Canada, and Australia. The UK faces several key choices in designing future policies. Should age discrimination be dealt with by the same agency as race and sexual discrimination? Should it permit employers to set mandatory retirement ages? How much power should it give the enforcement authorities? This summary of research is published by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

 

By Joseph Rowntree Foundation, UK.

Employment Policy Resource.


Ethnic Differences in the Labour Market

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Ethnic Differences in the Labour Market. Why do ethnic minorities earn less, become unemployed more and have less chance of reaching professional and managerial jobs? Discrimination, social class, poorer skills and educational qualifications all play a role. Ethnic Differences in the Labour Market: the role of education and social class origins disentangles fact from fiction. A companion piece, Ethnic Differences in the Labour Market: a comparison of the SARs and LFS, concludes that analysis based on the Labour Force Survey provides clear evidence that second generation immigrants to the UK have had educational experiences much more like British born white people than had been the case with the first generation. This points to racial discrimination as one of the main causes of labour market disadvantage. By Anthony Heath, Dorren McMahon and Jane Roberts.

 

By Centre for Research into Elections and Social Trends. , UK.

Employment Policy Resource.