Environmental Federalism in the European Union and the United States
Environmental Federalism in the European Union and the United States. In both the European Union (EU) and the United States (US) responsibility for the making of environmental policy is divided between federal and EU institutions on one hand, and local institutions on the other. The former is comprised of the EU and the American federal government while the latter consist of state and local governments in the US, and member states and sub-national authorities in Europe. This paper explores the dynamics of federal environmental policy making in both the United States and the European Union. At what level of government are new standards initiated? Under what circumstances do state regulations become diffused to other states and/or become adopted by the central authority? Under what circumstances can or do states maintain regulations more stringent than those of other states? By David Vogel, Michael Toffel and Diahanna Post.
By GLOBUS Institute for Globalization and Sustainable Development, Netherlands.