The EU Presidency: ?Honest broker' or driving seat? An Anglo-German comparison in the environmental policy field. The office of the Presidency attracts great media and academic interest in the member state holding the Presidency. However, it has remained an under-researched area because most assessments focus on a single Presidency and on ?high politics' issues, which are usually dealt with by the European Council. This new report focuses on four Presidencies: the United Kingdom's (UK) 1992 and 1998 as well as the German 1994 and 1999 Presidencies. It analyses the main roles and functions of the EU Presidency and compares four Presidencies over time while trying to explain the differences and similarities by making reference to domestic politics demands and Presidency norms. By Rüdiger K. W. Wurzel.
By Anglo-German Foundation, UK, Germany.
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The Perfect Union? New Europe and the EU. On May 1st ten new countries join the European Union...Only just over a decade ago, five suffered one-party Communist rule, and three were part of the Soviet Union. Now all are democracies, with open, largely free-market economies. With a foreword by Chris Patten, The Perfect Union? brings together seven distinguished international contributors to examine how the return of Europe?s heart will affect the EU. Will it mean more or less tax and regulation? Will it swing policy towards or away from the US and Russia? What will it mean for other would-be entrants, and for new buffer-states such as Ukraine and Belarus? What are its implications for the EU?s political complexion, and for the honesty and effectiveness of its institutions? Does it mean that the CAP will have to be radically reformed, or that we are stuck with it forever?
By Policy Exchange, UK
Europe's Armed Forces. Many European nations are currently re-thinking their post-Cold War military requirements in light of NATO's new strategic concept and the experience of the Kosovo war. This article analyzes the process of defense restructuring and modernization in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany. In each case, it offers an overview of current military posture and closely examines the plans for change in force structure, equipment procurement, and personnel policies. The article also attends to various constraints on defense planning, including military traditions, economic conditions, and domestic politics. It concludes that current plans lack sufficient strategic clarity and also suffer from a number of incongruities or "mismatches" -- for instance, between missions, planned structures, and available resources. "Europe's Armed Forces at the Millennium: A Case Study of Change in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany", by Lutz Unterseher is published by the Project on Defense Alternatives.
By Project on Defense Alternatives , France, UK, Germany.
EU 2010. A work of political imagination by Charles Grant of the Centre for European Reform. He imagines a world in which the European Union has 26 members and is still expanding eastwards. Its economy is growing faster than that of the US. The EU's armed forces have intervened to secure peace in the Balkans and in Africa. The European Commission has merged with the Council of Ministers. The court decisions of one EU country are recognised in all the others. In this very British dream UK politicians dominate the new political structures of Europe and Sir Tony Blair is tipped to become the first directly elected president of the European Commission.
By Centre for European Reform, UK.