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Family and Children

Mothers' employment and childcare use

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Mothers' employment and childcare use. This presentation reveals that mothers still face substantial hurdles in undertaking paid employment. For those who do manage to work, childcare arrangements are a diverse mixture of carers, cost and quality. Government initiatives to increase the availability of childcare places have a substantial shortfall to address while measures to increase the "affordability" of care, such as the Working Families Tax Credit, may have limited impact on the work choices of mothers.

 

By Institute for Fiscal Studies, UK.

Family and Children Policy Resource.


Child Poverty in Britain and Germany

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Child Poverty in Britain and Germany. This report studies patterns and trends in child poverty in Britain and Germany. Unusually, it uses not only a cross-section approach (measuring who and how many are poor at any given time, and comparing these maps of poverty at different moments); but also longitudinal studies of individuals' poverty "careers", and the trigger events associated with entry into and exit from poverty. By Stephen Jenkins, Christian Schluter, Gert Wagner.

 

By Anglo-German Foundation, UK, Germany.

Family and Children Policy Resource.


Welfare Reform: Tax Credits

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Welfare Reform: Tax Credits. In 2003 the UK government will introduce two major new welfare reforms: an Integrated Child Credit for families with children - which will act as a type of minimum income guarantee for children; and an employment tax credit - an in-work benefit designed to tackle in-work poverty. This paper assesses the proposals and concludes that: work incentives will generally increase, though second earners in some couples may be less well off in work; around 3.3 million families will receive a boost to their income; but that the impact on poverty will be small as poverty amongst families without children is concentrated amongst those not working full time and amongst the young, groups which will not be eligible for the new credit. "Credit Where It's Due?: An Assessment of the New Tax Credits", by Mike Brewer, Tom Clark and Michal Myck is published by the Institute for Fiscal Studies.

 

By Institute for Fiscal Studies, UK.

Family and Children Policy Resource.