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Governance

Environmental Federalism in the European Union and the United States

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Environmental Federalism in the European Union and the United States. In both the European Union (EU) and the United States (US) responsibility for the making of environmental policy is divided between federal and EU institutions on one hand, and local institutions on the other. The former is comprised of the EU and the American federal government while the latter consist of state and local governments in the US, and member states and sub-national authorities in Europe. This paper explores the dynamics of federal environmental policy making in both the United States and the European Union. At what level of government are new standards initiated? Under what circumstances do state regulations become diffused to other states and/or become adopted by the central authority? Under what circumstances can or do states maintain regulations more stringent than those of other states? By David Vogel, Michael Toffel and Diahanna Post.

 

By GLOBUS Institute for Globalization and Sustainable Development, Netherlands.

Governance Policy Resource.


Is the ECB Accountable?

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Is the ECB Accountable? Many financial analysts and academics believe that the European Central Bank lacks transparency and accountability. Lorenzo Bini-Smaghi & Daniel Gros argue that actually their analysis suggests instead that the ECB is, at least on paper, one of the most transparent and accountable central banks. The discrepancy between theory and public perception suggests that much remains to be done within the given institutional framework to improve the transparency of the ECB. The authors suggest that the best way to make the ECB more accountable is to engage it in substantive discussions about its policy. The ECB should provide more information about the background analysis that leads to policy decisions. For example, the ECB should transform its ?staff projections? into true inflation forecasts and it should be more open about the arguments that shape the internal debates, which precedes decisions. "Is the ECB sufficiently accountable and transparent?" is published by ENEPRI.

 

By ENEPRI, Europe.

Governance Policy Resource.


Two Speed Europe

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Two Speed Europe. Key thinkers on the French left, Jean-Noël Jeanneney, Pascal Lamy, Henri Nallet and Dominique Strauss-Kahn, argue in Europe: pour aller plus loin for a new inner union between France and Germany. This union would involve a permanent secretariat, joint meetings of the French and German cabinets and joint meetings of the Bundestag and the Assemblée Nationale. However, Charles Grant argues that the dynamics of the EU have changed and that other members of the Union wouldn't permit such an arrangement - forcing France and Germany to pursue such a union outside EU structures. France, Germany and a Hard Core Europe is published by the Centre for European Reform.

 

By Centre for European Reform, France, Germany.

Governance Policy Resource.