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Governance

Human Smuggling and Trafficking into Europe: A Comparative Perspective debt


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Human Smuggling and Trafficking into Europe: A Comparative Perspective debt

Human smuggling and trafficking are rapidly growing transnational criminal activities in Europe, where the demand to enter for work or to escape dire political or economic situations in migrant-sending countries exceeds the legal migration opportunities. The problem has become a high priority for EU Member States, and is especially challenging given Europe’s relatively porous borders. This report examines the factors and facilitators at play and assesses policy solutions. 


By Migration Policy Institute, , USA.


Governance Policy Resource.

Many to many: How the relational state will transform public services debt debt


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Many to many: How the relational state will transform public services debt debt

The facilitation of illegal immigration is big business in India. One method being used to exploit immigration loopholes, explored in this report, is referred to as “donkey flights”—the practice of Indian migrants obtaining a tourist visa for a Schengen-zone country in order to enter the United Kingdom through the back door via other European countries. 


By Migration Policy Institute, , USA.


Governance Policy Resource.

Securing Borders: The Intended, Unintended, and Perverse Consequences debt


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Securing Borders: The Intended, Unintended, and Perverse Consequences debt

Notwithstanding massive government investments in immigration controls in the United States and Europe, illegal immigration and the unlawful employment of migrants continue, fueled in large measure by highly adaptive “bad actors” who facilitate and profit from illegality: smugglers, traffickers, and unscrupulous employers among them. This report, the first in a series from the Transatlantic Council on Migration that focuses on innovative, practical policy solutions that curb the influence of bad actors by shrinking the “gray area” in which they operate, outlines the security-related challenges that borders are intended to address and, in turn, the perverse consequences (both predictable and not) that tighter border enforcement generates. >


By Migration Policy Institute, , USA.


Governance Policy Resource.

Securing Borders: The Intended, Unintended, and Perverse Consequences debt


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Securing Borders: The Intended, Unintended, and Perverse Consequences debt

Large-scale movement across borders is too often exploited by “bad actors” who manipulate the system for profit. This report analyzes three spheres where perpetrators are motivated by the lure of high profits and low risks: the domestic care sector, the labor market, and the sex industry. It explores the obstacles that governments face in taking on these bad actors and examines the tools that exist to disrupt the business model of exploitation, including anti-trafficking legislation, penalties for employers who hire unauthorized workers, inspections, regulations, and public awareness campaigns. >


By Migration Policy Institute, , USA.


Governance Policy Resource.