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Family and Children

Risk Factors Among Young People

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Risk Factors Among Young People. Research has identified factors in children's and young people's lives associated with an increased risk of problems at school, drug and alcohol misuse and criminal behaviour. Other factors protect them from difficulties, even when heavily exposed to risk. This evidence has established the potential for strategies to promote children's positive development, based on the risk and protection profile of the neighbourhoods where they live. "Youth at risk? A national survey of risk factors, protective factors and problem behaviour among young people in England, Scotland and Wales" by Sarah Beinart, Barry Anderson, Stephanie Lee and David Utting is published by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

 

By Joseph Rowntree Foundation, UK.

Family and Children Policy Resource.


Children and Social Exclusion

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Children and Social Exclusion This paper assesses whether it is possible to discuss social exclusion as it relates to children in the US. John Micklewright discusses various features of US society and institutions including the measurement of poverty, analysis of children?s living standards, state versus federal responsibilities, welfare reform and the emphasis on ?personal responsibility?. "Social Exclusion and Children: A European view for a US debate" is published by the UK-based Centre for the Analysis of Social Exclusion.

 

By Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, UK.

Family and Children Policy Resource.


Girls and Exclusion from School

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Girls and Exclusion from School. The numbers of pupils excluded from school have been steadily increasing over recent years. Attention has focused on boys who form the vast majority of those formally excluded. This study, carried out by the New Policy Institute and the Centre for Citizenship Studies in Education, University of Leicester, examines girls' perceptions of school life and of the use of exclusion in its various forms, both official and unofficial. "Not a problem? Girls and school exclusion" by Audrey Osler, Cathy Street, Marie Lall and Kerry Vincent, is published by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

 

By Joseph Rowntree Foundation, UK.

Family and Children Policy Resource.


Educational Success, Class Size & Family Structure

Educational Success, Class Size & Family Structure. Theories suggest that, other things being equal, the more time a parent spends with their child and the smaller the class size, the better a child should do in school. Maria Iacovou proves that smaller class sizes and smaller families both contribute to educational success. Family Composition and Children's Educational Outcomes shows that children with one sibling do best while only children and those from larger families have lower levels of educational attainment. Class Size in the Early Years: Is Smaller Really Better? finds that a reduction in class size of eight pupils would lead to an increase in attainment equivalent to the gap between girls' and boys' reading scores, or to the gap between those from manual and non-manual socio-economic groups.

 

By Institute for Social and Economic Research, UK.

Family and Children Policy Resource.


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