The EU-US Military Relationship. The recent US defence plans have brought the military imbalance between the EU and the US into sharp relief. Assured EU access to US and NATO military assets may be an unrealistic European belief. Kori Schake believes that the most productive way to redress these political and military problems is to encourage not only the emergence of a viable European military force, but also the duplication of capabilities already existing in NATO and US forces. "Constructive Duplication: Reducing EU Reliance on US Military Assets" is published by the Centre for European Reform.
By Centre for European Reform, UK, US.
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Chemical and Biological Terrorism. The risk of terrorism from chemical and biological weapons has become all too real since 11 September 2001. This paper describes the terrorist organizations associated with CB weapons, and analyses the processes of sub-state proliferation. The researchers also model the release of anthrax spores in a crowded Tokyo shopping mall and a chemical attack in Matsumoto (the scene of an attempted Sarin attack by the Aum Shinrikyo cult). The paper concludes: 'Governments face a multitude of CB terrorism threats, but the most catastrophic scenarios involving mass casualties, though possible, are not likely to occur.... Nevertheless, because of the potential consequences for the targeted society of a terrorist attack with CBW, governments must be prepared for such an attack. The key issue is thus to devise and execute balanced policies. Over-reaction can lead to country-wide anxiety and paranoia. In such an atmosphere, hoaxes may become as efficient-especially in terms of economic terrorism-as actual attacks with CBW.' "Risk assessment of terrorism with chemical and biological weapons", by Jean Pascal Zanders, Edvard Karlsson, Lena Melin, Erik Näslund and Lennart Thaning, is published by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute alongside papers on many different aspects of CBW: proliferation, benefits and threats of genetic engineering, export controls, and the arms control treaties.
By Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Sweden.
Small Arms Proliferation. This collection of essays explores the ideas that monitoring of flows of small arms can produce indicators which can be used in early warning systems designed to warn of humanitarian crises and military conflict. "Arms Watching: Integrating Small Arms and Light Weapons into the Early Warning of Violent Conflict" is edited by Edward Laurence.
By International Alert, UK.
Terrorism. The Brookings Institution offers this collection of resources relating to the September 11 Terrorism attack. Essays and articles cover topics such as the implications for the US national missile defence programme, the lessons of the US-Soviet cold war and the military options open to the US. Other sites of interest include the Terrorism Research Centre, the (Israeli) International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism, the Center for Democracy and Technology, the Centre for Defence and International Security Issues, and the International Relations and Security Network
By Brookings Institution, US.