Securing Nuclear Materials. It is most likely that a terrorist seeking to manufacture a nuclear weapon would attempt to do do using high-enriched uranium (HEU) as its fissile material. At the same time, the economic and political collapse of the Soviet Union has made the supply of HEU in that region particularly vulnerable to theft or diversion. Robert Civiak of the Federation of American Scientists proposes three ways in which these stockpiles of HEU can be reduced, facilitating efforts to prevent the diversion of HEU to terrorist organizations.
By Federation of American Scientists , US.
Site Upgraded to latest version. If any issues please contact us
Casus Belli? UNSCOM Report on Iraq. Much of the Bush administration's case for extending the war on terror to Iraq rests upon the evidence of the UN weapons inspectors. Here you can read UNSCOM's final report on their efforts to locate and destroy Iraq's stock of weapons of mass destruction - and to hinder Iraq's capability to build new weapons. The "Report on status of disarmament and monitoring" was written by UNSCOM.
By UNSCOM, UN, US, UK.
The EU-US Military Relationship. The recent US defence plans have brought the military imbalance between the EU and the US into sharp relief. Assured EU access to US and NATO military assets may be an unrealistic European belief. Kori Schake believes that the most productive way to redress these political and military problems is to encourage not only the emergence of a viable European military force, but also the duplication of capabilities already existing in NATO and US forces. "Constructive Duplication: Reducing EU Reliance on US Military Assets" is published by the Centre for European Reform.
By Centre for European Reform, UK, US.
Chemical and Biological Terrorism. The risk of terrorism from chemical and biological weapons has become all too real since 11 September 2001. This paper describes the terrorist organizations associated with CB weapons, and analyses the processes of sub-state proliferation. The researchers also model the release of anthrax spores in a crowded Tokyo shopping mall and a chemical attack in Matsumoto (the scene of an attempted Sarin attack by the Aum Shinrikyo cult). The paper concludes: 'Governments face a multitude of CB terrorism threats, but the most catastrophic scenarios involving mass casualties, though possible, are not likely to occur.... Nevertheless, because of the potential consequences for the targeted society of a terrorist attack with CBW, governments must be prepared for such an attack. The key issue is thus to devise and execute balanced policies. Over-reaction can lead to country-wide anxiety and paranoia. In such an atmosphere, hoaxes may become as efficient-especially in terms of economic terrorism-as actual attacks with CBW.' "Risk assessment of terrorism with chemical and biological weapons", by Jean Pascal Zanders, Edvard Karlsson, Lena Melin, Erik Näslund and Lennart Thaning, is published by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute alongside papers on many different aspects of CBW: proliferation, benefits and threats of genetic engineering, export controls, and the arms control treaties.
By Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Sweden.