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Governance

Federal Spending Bills Contain 2,526 R&D Earmarks, AAAS Analysis Finds

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Federal Spending Bills Contain 2,526 R&D Earmarks, AAAS Analysis Finds

Congress inserted nearly $4.5 billion in federal research and development earmarks, spread over 2,526 projects, in spending bills for fiscal year 2008, according to a new AAAS analysis. The earmarks, for projects not included in agency budget requests, amounted to $939 million in the omnibus appropriations bill signed last month by President Bush and $3.5 billion in the Department of Defense appropriations bill enacted in November, said Kei Koizumi, head of the AAAS R&D Budget and Policy Program. .


By AAAS, USA.


Governance Policy Resource.


A Pioneer in Modern Science Diplomacy Forges Hopeful Bonds with Iran

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A Pioneer in Modern Science Diplomacy Forges Hopeful Bonds with Iran

Profound political tension. Fiery rhetoric. Ominous signals that a longstanding bi-lateral conflict could degenerate into war—perhaps even nuclear war. Forty years ago, during the Cold War, Norman P. Neureiter navigated that climate in an effort to build better relations with the Soviet Union and China through science. Today, with the U.S. and Iran in the midst of a threatening diplomatic conflict, Neureiter believes that science cooperation may again contribute to improved relations.


By AAAS, USA.


Governance Policy Resource.


Bali Progress, DC Deadlock

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Bali Progress, DC Deadlock

While a compromise deal (PDF) was reached on global climate policy in Bali (LATimes), the Democratic and Republican U.S. lawmakers who attended the international climate policy conference know their work is just beginning. Barbara Boxer (D-CA), head of the Senate’s environment committee, assured Bali delegates “change is already happening in Washington.” .


By CFR, USA.


Governance Policy Resource.


Elephants in the Conference Room

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Elephants in the Conference Room

Hopes for a lasting Israeli-Palestinian peace were pinned to a high-profile gathering of Arab and Israeli leaders in Annapolis, Maryland, on November 27. Yet those not invited offer a compelling subplot. Martin Indyk, a former U.S. ambassador to Israel, sees Iran as the elephant in the conference room. “Finding a way to counter the threat from Tehran…is fueling this peace meeting more than any other factor,” he tells the Christian Science Monitor. Indeed, CFR Fellow Mohamad Bazzi sees Syria’s invitation as part of an effort to woo it from an alliance with Tehran


By CFR, USA.


Governance Policy Resource.